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“Manifesting” Fear At the Border: Lessons from Title 42 Expulsions

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Author: 
Center for Gender & Refugee Studies (CGRS)
Date: 
Jan 30, 2024
Language: 
Publication Type: 

This memo explains how relying on a "manifestation of fear" process, or “shout test,” at the border results in refugees being returned to danger, in violation of international law.